Here you find a limited selection of articles that are currently available in the English language.
This page is under contruction.

Refugee children

It has been written for LOWAN, an organization for help refuge children with their schooling in a new country.

It is meant to show the depth of the problem and the meaninglessness and danger to quickly solve their trauma with a method such as EMDR.

Refugee children: download here the PDF of the article 

Sexual abuse is a problem promoted and sponsored by the media

Interview of Martine F. Delfos on sexual abuse by journalist Marisol Ortega, from the newspaper EL TIEMPO.

Sexual abuse is a problem promoted and sponsored by the media: download here the PDF of the article

Trauma is not only about effect but about formation

In psychiatry and psychology the interest on trauma evolved from thinking that trauma was
directly connected to the event to realizing it has its impact long after the event. In the
evolution of the concept of trauma it took till 1994 to acknowledge the fact that children
have specific reactions to trauma and till 2013 to begin to mention that internet could have
a traumatic influence. The theory on trauma was about the effect with anxiety as a
primordial element. This resulted in a treatment concept as EMDR, which neglects the
deeper layers of trauma. Because it was only discovered long after the birth of the concept
that trauma also affects children, we did not really pay attention in research to the effect of
trauma in the sense of formation. We need a new theory that encompasses effect and
formation. Therefore we need a developmental perspective on trauma.

Trauma is not only about effect but about formation: download here the PDF of the article

Grinding jaws Eating viewed from a psychological developmental perspective

Eating can be considered to be a developmental task. You have to learn to eat: how,
when and what. While the body and body reflexes are prepared to receive and
process food, the act of eating itself is not inborn as such and is an important
educational target. This task passes through different stages and the way in which a
stadium is passed through, influences further development. To be able to map the
issues of eating disorders and overweight, it is necessary to view eating as a
developmental task. In this article, eating is viewed as a developmental task in the
different phases of life.

Grinding jaws Eating viewed from a psychological developmental perspective: download here the PDF of the article

EMDR: A danger in disguise?

EMDR is being used more and more as a treatment method. Why? And is that right? De Voogd is one
of many who has researched what would be effective in EMDR. Is she right when she says that
research has shown that EMDR can calm the amygdala through the eyes?

EMDR: A danger in disguise?: download here the PDF of the article

IC and deep sleep and then…

Infected by the codid-19 virus serious lung problems and respiration problems can arise. People who have been on ventilation in the ICU are often very anxious, confused and often have horror and nightmare-like thoughts. It is often difficult to get through to them, but is related to the nature of the sleep period. The longer the deep sleep-period, the more anxious. Understanding it means there is also something you can do about it!

Also there is a complex immune and auto immune process going on, so we need to take a step back and try to understand what is happening before we apply extensively ventilation or medication.

In this article the cause of the confusion is described and what can be done about it.

IC and deep sleep and then…

Action or Anxiety

Interview with Dr. Martine F. Delfos in an important – outstanding – Dutch newspaper about her book on the sex differences:
The beauty of the difference. Why men and women are different and the same.

Martine Delfos on the beautiful sex differences
Action or anxiety

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Ecuador: A Pilot Study in Quito

Abstract of the article published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (JADD) about research performed in Ecuador, available in open access: This research presents the results of the first phase of the study on the prevalence of pupils with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in regular education in Quito, Ecuador. One-hundred-and-sixty-one regular schools in Quito were selected with a total of 51,453 pupils. Prevalence of ASD was assessed by an interview with the rector of the school or its delegate. Results show an extremely low prevalence of 0.11% of pupils with any ASD diagnosis; another 0.21% were suspected to have ASD, but were without a diagnosis. This low prevalence suggests that children and adolescents with ASD are not included in regular education in Quito. These results are discussed in the light of low diagnostic identification of ASD and low inclusion tolerance:
Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Ecuador: A Pilot Study in Quito.

Autism from a developmental perspective

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are difficult to understand, partly because it is different for each individual. Despite an extensive research tradition is still little understood. The DSM-5 and ICD-11 explore new paths with pros and cons for autism. Meanwhile, new research opens new perspectives: autism could be considered as a 'delay' instead of a 'defect'. This paradigm shift has major implications for the diagnosis, treatment and education, so we could speak of a breakthrough, if not a revolution in relation to autism spectrum disorders. Although many theories have contributed to the understanding of autism, they deliver only a piece of the puzzle. There are overarching theories and treatments needed for the new perspective. The theory of the socioscheme with the MAS1P, the Mental Age Spectrum Within 1 Person, is based on delay and an accelerated development of the brain simultaneously:
Autism from a developmental perspective.

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